The airport is located in the very center of Cyprus, approximately 25 kilometers from Lefkoşa.
In order to get to Lefkoşa from the airport, you can prefer the shuttle vehicles there, you can rent a car and reach Nicosia with your personal car or you can prefer a taxi. Lefkoşa, which is rich in history and has a wide cultural spectrum, consists of both historical and entertainment venues.
Appealing to all kinds of tastes, the city attracts great attention with its historical places consisting of a synthesis of wonderful cultures for history lovers. Tourists who like to have fun have the opportunity to have fun in the never-ending nightlife of Lefkoşa.
The gate is in the first place on the list of places to visit, stated in Lefkoşa unlike its name. Tourists who interested in history, prefer to visit Girne Door firstly. At first, built in 1567, this door was carrying the name of Fransesca Barbaro. The building, which was named after this name for many years, was restored in 1821 under the domination of the Ottoman Empire.
During the Venetian period, the city of Lefkoşa was surrounded by city walls. There were 3 gates at different points to enter the city. Girne Gate is one of these 3 gates. The walls on the right and left sides of the gate were cut and the gate became its today’s shape. There are 3 inscriptions on the southern slope of the gate and in one of these inscriptions there is Sultan II. Mahmut’s monogram.
Other place to visit in Lefkoşa is Büyük Han. Historical and architectural values are among the most important Ottoman-Turkish works of art not only in Lefkoşa but also in Cyprus and it is known as the most biggest inn in Cyprus.
Formerly registered to Sultan Selim Foundation, was later included in the Mazbuta Foundation. It is a monumental building with a square plan and two floors. The lower floor rooms were used for trade and barn purposes, and the upper floor rooms were used as hotels. There are 68 rooms on the lower and upper floors and 10 single-storey shops behind the portico at the east entrance. In the center of the central courtyard is a pavilion masjid rising on the pillars. Today, Cyprus is used as a place where culture and crafts are kept alive.
Selimiye Mosque (St. Sophia Cathedral)
One of the places to visit in Lefkoşa is Selimiye Mosque. The cathedral is considered to be the largest, most spectacular and Gothic architectural monument in Cyprus. It is presumed to have been built on a Byzantine church called Hagia Sophia, which was previously located in the same place. Its construction started in 1209 and it was blessed on 5 November 1326 and opened for worship. Built by French architects and masters, the cathedral is one of the finest examples of medieval French architecture.
On September 9, 1750, when the Ottomans conquered Lefkoşa, it was so devastated that unavailable to use, then it was fixed and a pulpit added to the mosque under the name of Hagia Sophia. Two minarets of 49 meters of the Mosque, was added to the building after II. Sultan Selim’s command in 1 May,1572.
It is one of the most striking places to visit in Lefkoşa. This museum contains photographs and evidence of the massacres of 21 December, 1963. Between 1963 and 1974, 103 Turkish villages were looted by the Greeks, and all the inhabitants were massacred. There is a story about these massacres in every photograph in the Museum of Barbarlık. One point of these stories is the same; The Greek offered two options for the Turkish Cypriots.According to that, Turkish Cypriots will either die or leave their homes. The reason why the Greek Cypriots chose the date of December 21st as a starting point is; Jesus born in that date. This date is called Bloody Christmas because of the misinterpretation of Greek.